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Global Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Industry

NEW YORK, Dec. 4, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Global Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Industry


This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) in US$ Million. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Europe, Japan, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2009 through 2018. The report profiles 66 companies including many key and niche players such as Acumentrics Corporation, Adaptive Materials, Inc., Adelan Ltd., Bloom Energy Corporation, Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd., Ceres Power Limited, Cummins Power Generation Inc, DD Energy, Inc., Delphi Automotive PLC, Elcogen AS, FuelCell Energy, Inc., Hexis AG, LG Fuel Cell Systems Inc., NexTech Materials Ltd., Protonex Technology Corporation, Topsoe Fuel Cell A/S, Toto Ltd., Versa Power Systems, Inc., and Ztek Corporation. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based upon search engine sources in the public domain.

I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONSStudy Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1Disclaimers I-2Data Interpretation & Reporting Level I-2Quantitative Techniques & Analytics I-2Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


Solid Oxide Fuel Cells - A Curtain Raiser II-1

SOFCs: The Newest Theme for Clean Energy II-1

Outlook II-2

Present Levels of Commercialization II-2

The Role of the Government in Driving the Market's Future II-2

Environmental Benefits Make SOFCs Irresistible II-3

SOFCs: A Technology of Interest to the Developed Countries II-3

SOFCs Preferred for Providing Power in High Temperature

Applications II-4

Table 1: Worldwide SOFC Market (2012 & 2018): Percentage

Breakdown of Sales Value by Application Segments-CPUs,

Generators, APUs & Remote Power Units, and Others (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-4

SOFCs: Ideal for Distributed Power Generation II-5

SOFCs Takes On Market Leader PEMFC Head On II-5

Technological Developments Widen Scope of Applications for SOFCs II-6

Stationary Fuel Cell Market to Sail Through Economic Crisis II-6

Table 2: Worldwide Micro-CHP Market (2012): Percentage Share

Breakdown of Volume Sales by Driving Technologies- Internal

Combustion Engine, PEM Fuel Cell and Stirling Engine

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6

SOFCs Gather Momentum in Stationary Fuel Cell Market II-7

SOFC Demand Not Disruptive to Supplies of Rare Earth Elements II-7

Tempered by Uncertainty, Team Effort Prevails II-8

Conventional Power Companies Vie for the SOFC Pie II-8

2. FUEL CELLS MARKET IN RETROSPECT II-9Changing Energy Industry II-9Fuel Cells - Technology for the Future II-9Recent Surge in Commercialization II-9Developed Markets at the Vanguard, Emerging Regions to GatherPace II-10Fuel Cells Demand - Largely Recession-Proof II-11Table 3: Global Fuel Cell Shipments by Geographic Region(2010 & 2011): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Shipments forEurope, North America, Asia and Rest of World (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-11

Table 4: Global Fuel Cell Shipments by Geographic Region

(2010 & 2011): Percentage Breakdown of Megawatt Capacity for

Europe, North America, Asia and Rest of World (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-12

Low Shipment Volumes Magnify Volatility II-12

Whimsical Visions of an All-Hydrogen Economy Drives Interest

in Fuel Cells II-12

Commercial Portable Fuel Cell Market Wanes II-13

Table 5: Global Fuel Cell Shipments (2010 & 2011): Percentage

Breakdown of Unit Volumes by End-use Application

Segments-Portable, Stationary and Transport (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-14

Table 6: Global Fuel Cell Shipments (2010 & 2011): PercentageBreakdown of Megawatt Capacity by End-use ApplicationSegments-Stationary, Transport and Portable (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-14Positive Outlook for Fuel Cell Integrated Residential CHPs II-15Table 7: Worldwide Residential CHP Markets (2011 & 2012):Percentage Breakdown of Sales Volumes by Technology - FuelCells and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-15Manufacturers Expand Production Hubs to New Shores II-16Fuel Cell Manufacturers Foray into Newer Segments II-16Fuel Cell Majors Snap Up Critical Component Vendors II-16Table 8: Geographic Distribution of Commercial Suppliers forIndividual Fuel Cell Components (2012) (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-17Cost: A Herculean Challenge II-17Surface Area of Components: A Major Issue II-17Miniaturization: A Major Challenge in Designing Portable FuelCells II-18Inadequate Infrastructure & Lack of Customer Confidence II-18


Evolution of Fuel Cells II-19

Types of Fuel Cells II-19

Alkaline Fuel Cell (AFC) II-19

Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) II-20

Solid Polymer or Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEM) II-20

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) II-20

Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) II-20

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) II-21

Comparative Analysis of Fuel Cell Technologies II-21

Technical Features II-22

Major Application Areas for Various Fuel Cell Technologies II-22

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Technology II-22

Advantages II-22

Pollution Index II-23

Pitfalls II-23

High Manufacturing Costs II-23

High Operating Temperature II-23

A Working Model of a SOFC II-23

1. Reduction of Oxygen into Negatively Charged Oxygen Ions (O2-)

at Cathode II-24

2. Conduction Negatively Charged Oxygen Ions Through Electrolyte II-24

3. Oxidation of Hydrogen at Anode II-24

Architectural Dynamics II-24

Components of SOFCs II-25

Cathode II-25

Electrolyte II-25

Anode II-26

Interconnect II-26

SOFC Component Materials & Properties II-27

Yttria Stabilized Zirconia II-27

Nickel II-27

Strontium Doped Lanthanum Magnetite II-27

Lanthanum Chromite II-27

SOFCs: An Evolution Scan II-27

Types of SOFCs II-28

Classification by Design II-28

Planar SOFCs II-28

Electrolyte-Supported Planar SOFCs II-28

Electrode-Supported or Anode-Supported Planar SOFCs II-28

Drawbacks II-29

Tubular SOFCs II-29

What's More Popular - Planar or Tubular? II-29

Classification by Operating Temperatures II-29

High Temperature SOFCs II-29

Advantages II-30

Disadvantages II-30

Intermediate Temperature SOFC II-30

The Math of Reducing Operating Temperature II-31

Other Implications II-31

Research Focus II-31

Advantages of Reducing Operating Temperatures II-32

Disadvantages of Reducing Operating Temperatures II-32

Applications of SOFCs II-32

Stationary Power Applications II-32

Standalone Power Generator II-32

Transportation II-33

The PEMFC Edge II-33

Mobile Electronic Equipments/Portable Energy Applications II-34

Space & Military II-34

What Makes SOFCs Such a Cherished Technology? II-34

What's in the Material? II-35

Lanthanum Chromite: A Possible Material for Interconnects II-35

Solid Oxide Regenerative Fuel Cells (SORFC) II-35

4. PRODUCT/TECHNOLOGY INTRODUCTION/ DEMONSTRATION II-37Delphi Automotive Demonstrates SOFC APU for Fleet Trucks II-37Osaka Gas to Launch ENE-FARM Type S Systems II-37Heraeus Launches Range of Materials for SOFC II-38DDI Energy Rolls Out New SOFC Products II-38ORNL Study Analyses Oxygen Voids in Fuel Cell Cathodes II-38Harvard University Demonstrates Long-life SOFC with VOx Anode II-38NexTech Materials Develops Durable MCO Coatings for SOFCInterconnects II-38University of Maryland Develops Gasoline SOFC II-38Hitachi Metals Introduces Improved Alloy for SOFC MetalInterconnects II-39VTT Unveils Planar SOFC-based Power Generation System II-39Harvard School and SiEnergy Systems Develop Novel Macro-scaleThin-film SOFCs II-39Oak Ridge NL, Georgia Tech, New Jersey Institute Develop Self-Cleaning Anodes II-39DARPA Develops SOFC for Small UAS II-39University of Illinois, ANL to Co-Develop IntermediateTemperature SOFCs II-40JX Nippon Oil & Energy Announces Commercial Launch ofResidential SOFC CHPs II-40COMSOL Launches Batteries & Fuel Cells Module II-40Wärtsilä Completes Field Trial of FC20 SOFC System II-40Cummins Demonstrates SOFC APS System for Commercial Trucks II-40Bloom Energy Corp Unveils Bloom Energy Server II-41


LG Electronics Snaps Up 51% Interest in Rolls- Royce Fuel Cell

Systems II-42

FuelCell Energy to Form a JV with Fraunhofer IKTS II-42

FuelCell Energy Enters into an Agreement with Southern

California Edison II-42

Lockheed Martin Secures US Naval Contract for Military-purpose


FuelCell Energy Wins US Navy Contract for UUV SOFC-Battery Units II-43

JX Nippon Oil & Energy Sets Up Fuel Cell Technology Center in

Germany II-43

Topsoe Fuel Cell Inks MoU with SK Holdings for Commercializing


Mitsubishi Heavy Industries to Develop FHCC System II-44

NexTech Materials Wins US Navy Contract for UUV SOFC Module II-44

Coca-Cola Installs Bloom Energy Servers at California Plant II-44

Adobe Installs Bloom Energy Servers at San Francisco Branch II-44

Cox Communications Installs Five Bloom Energy Servers II-44

AT&T to Set Up Bloom Energy Servers at 11 Sites in California II-45

Ultra Electronics Acquires Adaptive Materials II-45

Elcogen Purchases Intellectual Property Rights from VTT

Technical Research II-45

WATT Fuel Cell and Solar Acquisitions Set Up JV Evolution Fuel

Cell II-45

Bloom Energy Raises US$150 Million VC Funding II-46

FuelCell Energy to Partner with Abengoa for Marketing DFC Plants II-46

The Crown Estate Purchases FuelCell Energy's DFC300 for

Quadrant 3 Project II-46

Daegu City Fuel Cell Park Commences Operations II-46

FuelCell Energy to Expand Market Presence in Indonesia II-46

Solid Cell Secures SOFC Grant from NYSERDA II-47

Ultra Electronics, AMI Receives US Army Contract for SOFCs II-47

AFRL Extends Optomec SOFC Technology Development Contract II-47

FuelCell Energy Secures US DOE Funding for SECA Phase III II-47

Wärtsilä to Integrate Versa Power's SOFCs in Products II-48

Topsoe Fuel Cell to Expand SOFC Stacks Manufacturing

Facilities in Denmark II-48

6. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-49Acumentrics SOFC (USA) II-49Adaptive Materials, Inc. (USA) II-49Adelan Ltd. (UK) II-49Bloom Energy Corporation (USA) II-50Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd. (Australia) II-50Ceres Power Limited (UK) II-50Cummins Power Generation Inc (USA) II-51DD Energy, Inc. (Canada) II-51Delphi Automotive PLC (USA) II-51Elcogen AS (Estonia) II-52FuelCell Energy, Inc. (USA) II-52Hexis AG (Germany) II-52LG Fuel Cell Systems Inc. (UK) II-53NexTech Materials Ltd (USA) II-53Protonex Technology Corporation (USA) II-54Topsoe Fuel Cell A/S (Denmark) II-54Toto Ltd. (Japan) II-54Versa Power Systems, Inc. (USA) II-55Ztek Corporation (USA) II-55


Table 9: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis For

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) by Geographic Region - US,

Canada, Europe, Japan, and Rest of World Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years

2009 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-56

Table 10: World 10-Year Perspective For Solid Oxide Fuel Cells(SOFCs) By Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown OfRevenues For US, Canada, Europe, Japan, And Rest Of WorldMarkets for Years 2009, 2012 And 2018 (includes correspondingGraph/Chart) II-57III. MARKET


A.Market Analysis III-1

Outlook III-1

Market Drivers In a Capsule III-1

Market Inhibitors In a Capsule III-1

SECA: A Unique Initiative III-2

Core Technology Program Members of SECA SOFC Program III-2

Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-3

Major Trends III-4

US DOE Cuts Spending on Fuel Cell Research III-4

Stationary Power Application: The Largest End-Use Market III-5

Table 11: Stationary SOFC Market in North America: Revenue

Contribution by SOFC Power Units by Output for Years 2004,

2006 and 2009 (In %) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5

Key Market Trends III-5

The Shadow of Competition Grows Longer III-5

An Unstructured Retail Space III-6

SOFC: Popular With Traditional Power Giants III-6

SOFC Benefits from the Power Hungry World Population III-6

Clampdown on Pollution Encourages Technological Shift III-7

Government Backing Speeds Up Commercialization Process III-7

Strong Economy Leads to Faster Penetration/Adaptation III-7

Sluggish Deregulation Process of Power Industry Affects

SOFC Market III-7

Product/Technology Introductions/ Demonstrations III-8

Strategic Corporate Activity III-10

Key Players III-14

B.Market Analytics III-18

Table 12: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual Revenues

in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) III-18

2. CANADA III-19A.Market Analysis III-19Outlook III-19Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-19Strategic Corporate Developments III-19Key Player III-19B.Market Analytics III-20Table 13: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysisfor Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with AnnualRevenues in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 III-20


A.Market Analysis III-21

A Primer III-21

Outlook III-21

History of Fuel Cell Innovation in Japan III-21

Bird's Eye View of Government's Fuel Cell Projects III-22

NEDO's SOFC Initiatives III-22

SOFC Types Under Development in NEDO Program III-23

SOFC Unit Installations Completed Under NEDO Program III-23

ENE-FARM Project III-23

Table 14: Japanese Government Subsidies for ENE-FARM

Residential CHP Unit Installations (2009-2012) (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) III-24

Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-24

Market Trends III-25

Sales of Micro-CHPs Surge in Japan Following Tsunami III-25

DRSOFC's Residential SOFC Units Slow to Take off III-25

Kyushu - Japan's Fuel Cell Center III-26

Japan Lures Foreign Investments III-26

Product/Technology Introduction/Demonstration III-27

Strategic Corporate Activity III-27

Key Player III-28

B.Market Analytics III-29

Table 15: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis

for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual

Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-29

4. EUROPE III-30A.Market Analysis III-30Outlook III-30A Primer III-30Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-30Major Trends III-31Stationary SOFC Systems on the Upward Trajectory III-31Table 16: European SOFC Stationary Power Market:Percentage Revenue Breakdown of SOFC Systems by PowerOutput for the years 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) III-32High Costs: A Major Issue III-33Mixed Results for Micro-CHPs in Europe III-33B.Market Analytics III-34Table 17: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysisfor Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) by Geographic Region -France, Germany, Italy, UK, and Rest of Europe MarketsIndependently Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Millionfor the Years 2009 through 2018 (includes correspondingGraph/Chart) III-34

Table 18: European 9-Year Perspective for Solid Oxide Fuel

Cells (SOFCs) by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of

Revenues for France, Germany, Italy, UK, and Rest of Europe

Markets for the Years 2009, 2012 & 2018 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

4a. FRANCE III-36A.Market Analysis III-36Outlook III-36B.Market Analytics III-36Table 19: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis forSolid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual Revenuesin US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) III-36


A.Market Analysis III-37

Outlook III-37

Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-37

Snapshot of Germany's Callux Micro- CHP Field Trial III-37

Strategic Corporate Development III-37

Key Player III-38

B.Market Analytics III-39

Table 20: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual Revenues

in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) III-39

4c. ITALY III-40A.Market Analysis III-40Outlook III-40B.Market Analytics III-40Table 21: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis forSolid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual Revenuesin US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) III-40


A.Market Analysis III-41

Outlook III-41

Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-41

Strategic Corporate Development III-41

Key Player III-41

B.Market Analytics III-43

Table 22: UK Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with Annual Revenues

in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2018 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) III-43

4e. REST OF EUROPE III-44A.Market Analysis III-44Outlook III-44Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-44Product/Technology Introduction/Demonstration III-44Strategic Corporate Activity III-45Key Player III-46B.Market Analytics III-47Table 23: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current & FutureAnalysis for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed withAnnual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-47


A.Market Analysis III-48

A Primer III-48

Outlook III-48

Major Programs for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage at a Glance III-48

Asia-Pacific III-48

South Korea III-48

China III-48

India III-49

Australia III-49

Africa III-49

Major Trends III-49

Asia Pacific Fuel Cell Market Set for Stellar Growth III-49

Chinese Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Economy Yet to Bloom III-50

Chinese Telecom Backup Market - A Hotspot for Fuel Cells III-50

South Korean Government Nurtures Fuel Cell Economy III-51

Green Home Project III-51

Fuel Cell Technology Development Roadmap III-52

India - Moving Towards Fuel Cell Technology III-52

Rising Adoption of Fuel Cell Technology in the Middle East III-52

Strategic Corporate Developments III-52

Key Players III-54

B.Market Analytics III-55

Table 24: Rest of World Recent Past, Current & Future

Analysis for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Analyzed with

Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through

2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-55


Total Companies Profiled: 66 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 70)

The United States (32)Canada (3)Japan (8)Europe (21)- Germany (7)- The United Kingdom (3)- Rest of Europe (11)Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) (6)

To order this report:Battery Industry: Global Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Industry

Nicolas Bombourg
Email: [email protected]
US: (805)652-2626
Intl: +1 805-652-2626

SOURCE Reportlinker

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