Mobile IoT Authors: Elizabeth White, Scott Allen, ManageEngine IT Matters, Liz McMillan, Steven Lamb

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Satellite Ultra-Broadband in Europe & Africa

NEW YORK, Nov. 8, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Satellite Ultra-Broadband in Europe & Africa


This report explores the latest developments in broadband and ultra-fast broadband markets in Europe and Africa. After a detailed examination of the dynamics of these areas, in both fixed and mobile markets, the report delivers strategic and figure-backed responses to the question of the current and future role of satellite in the race to deploy broadband and ultra-fast broadband. The report comes with its own database including the set of indicators analyzed for all the areas studied.

• What are the latest trends in the fast and ultra-fast broadband fixed and mobile markets in Europe and Africa?

• Which countries have already launched LTE in Europe?

• Is LTE a serious threat to satellite in the race to reduce the digital divide?

• What is the current status of satellite ultra-broadband in Europe?

• What are the main barriers for a satellite operator entering the African market?

• Which countries are the most promising for an offer of satellite broadband in Africa?

• What is the expected market potential in European and African markets for a satellite fast/ultra-fast broadband access solution on the 2016 horizon?

Table of contents

1. Executive Summary . 8

1.1. Europe's satellite ultra-broadband market continues to pick up speed .. 9

1.2. Africa, a new growth opportunity? 11

1.3. Promising market outlooks .. 11

2. Methodology .. 12

3. Ultra-fast broadband rollout: current status in Europe and Africa 14

3.1. FTTx markets in 2011 14

3.1.1. In Europe . 14

3.1.2. Focus on France .. 14

3.1.3. In Africa 17

4. Satellite fast and ultra-fast broadband: current status . 18

4.1. Increasing bandwidth for two-way satellite access . 18

4.1.1. How it works .. 18

4.1.2. Technical specificities tied to use of the Ka band 20

4.1.3. Economic advantages of using the Ka band . 21

4.1.4. Increasingly competitive commercial offers 22

4.1.5. Terminal subsidies key to success . 23

4.2. Numerous innovations lead to better services .. 24

4.2.1. In Europe . 24

4.2.2. In Africa 35

4.3. Industry preparing for ultra-fast broadband via satellite 39

4.3.1. Terabit Satellite . 39

4.3.2. Megasat 39

5. European market migrating to ultra-fast broadband offers clear

opportunities for satellite 41

5.1. Fiber to the Home . 41

5.2. LTE and LTE-Advanced 48

5.3. The future of satellite lies in its complementarity with terrestrial networks . 56

6. In Africa, what is the real potential for satellite broadband? . 61

6.1. Current status of fixed broadband 61

6.2. Current status of mobile broadband 63

6.3. The massive deployment of underwater cables has changed the stakes .. 66Satellite Ultra-Broadband

7. Market segmentation criteria in Europe . 69

7.1. Socio-economic criteria . 69

7.1.1. PC penetration .. 69

7.1.2. Per capita GDP . 70

7.1.3. Rural/urban population density . 71

7.2. Criteria surrounding terrestrial broadband and ultra-fast broadband rollouts 72

7.2.1. DSL network coverage . 72

7.2.2. FTTx network coverage 77

7.2.3. 3G network coverage 79

7.2.4. Broadband access penetration . 81

7.2.5. Internet access speeds . 82

7.2.6. Internet access prices 84

7.3. Key issues and areas of uncertainty .. 86

7.3.1. Tied to the development of wireline and wireless terrestrial networks .. 86

7.3.2. Tied to satellite's commercial positioning 86

8. Market segmentation criteria in Africa 87

8.1. Socio-economic criteria . 87

8.1.1. Electrification rate 87

8.1.2. Literacy rate 88

8.1.3. PC penetration .. 88

8.1.4. Per capita GDP . 89

8.1.5. Rural/urban population density . 90

8.2. Criteria surrounding terrestrial broadband and ultra-fast broadband rollouts 91

8.2.1. Network coverage 91

8.2.2. Broadband access penetration . 92

8.2.3. Internet access speeds . 92

8.2.4. Internet access prices 93

8.3. Key issues and areas of uncertainty .. 94

8.3.1. Tied to the region's economic development .. 94

8.3.2. Tied to the development of wireline and wireless terrestrial networks .. 94

9. Market forecasts .. 95

10. Glossary 97Satellite Ultra-Broadband


Table 1: African underwater cables deployed since 2009 . 11

Table 2: Comparison of a selection of offers available in France: 2011 vs. 2012 . 22

Table 3: Hylas One satellite performance . 25

Table 4: Avanti services distributed by the British distributor Rural Broadband . 27

Table 5: Avanti services distributed by the Irish distributor QSAT 27

Table 6: Services offered by YahSat .. 35

Table 7: Array of speeds offered by Vox Telecom in South Africa 36

Table 8: IP Easy solutions 37

Table 9: Main properties of EPON and GPON configurations 42

Table 10: Different configurations of an Ethernet FTTH/B network . 44

Table 11: Features of FTTH technologies .. 45

Table 12: Pioneers in LTE rollouts .. 52

Table 13: TeliaSonera's LTE service in Sweden, mid-2012 .. 52

Table 14: Vodafone's LTE service in Germany, mid-2012 .. 53

Table 15: TDC's LTE service in Denmark, mid-2012 . 53

Table 16: NBN Co wholesale pricing . 57

Table 17: Satellite retail services under the NBN plan .. 60

Table 18: African underwater cables deployed since 2009 . 67

Table 19: Orange and its quadruple-play solutions . 85

Table 20: Electrification rate in Africa, by region .. 87


Figure 1: Forecast of residential subscriptions to a two-way, satellite ultra-broadband solution,

2012-2016 . 8

Figure 2: Rural DSL subscriber speeds in Europe, 2011 10

Figure 3: List of countries studied in the report 13

Figure 4: Evolution of the number of FTTH/B-ready homes and subscribers in France .. 14

Figure 5: How two-way Internet access via satellite works 18

Figure 6: Hughes' global footprint in 2010 .. 20

Figure 7: Example of beam coverage with frequency reuse . 21

Figure 8: Estimated cost of bandwidth for Ka-band systems (launched satellite) .. 21

Figure 9: Change in the price of a broadband satellite reception terminal . 22

Figure 10: Satellite dish subsidies awarded in France in 2011: location 23

Figure 11: Satellite dish subsidies awarded in France in 2011: amounts .. 24

Figure 12: Avanti fleet coverage 26

Figure 13: Footprint of the service provided by Avanti 26

Figure 14: Coverage area for Eutelsat's Ka-Sat . 29

Figure 15: Ka-Sat network architecture .. 29

Figure 16: Tooway offers distributed by Sat2Way in France, as of July 2012 . 30

Figure 17: NordNet's triple play solution including the Tooway service . 31

Figure 18: The Sat3Play system architecture . 32

Figure 19: Triple play via Astra2Connect .. 32

Figure 20: SES Global's market view .. 33

Figure 21: Combined high-speed access/TV reception via satellite . 33Satellite Ultra-Broadband

Figure 22: "Astra2connect to the Street cabinet" infrastructure . 34

Figure 23: YahClick service coverage . 35

Figure 24: Eutelsat 16 A coverage 36

Figure 25: SES-5 coverage of Africa in Ku-band .. 37

Figure 26: Astra2Connect coverage of Africa . 38

Figure 27: Segmentation of Astra2Connect solutions available in Africa .. 38

Figure 28: Terabit satellite being developed by ESA .. 39

Figure 29: Satellites' evolution towards ultra-fast broadband and MegaSat 40

Figure 30: Satellite performances working to match terrestrial .. 40

Figure 31: The different possible FTTH/B network configurations 42

Figure 32: The different components of an FTTH/B architecture .. 43

Figure 33: Diagram of a ring configuration 45

Figure 34: Evolution of FTTx deployment costs, according to architecture used .. 46

Figure 35: Differences in investment costs for an FTTH rollout, depending on area 46

Figure 36: FTTH/B rollouts in Europe, 2009-2011 48

Figure 37: 3GPP Standards . 48

Figure 38: HSPA and LTE timeline .. 49

Figure 39: LTE Roadmap .. 50

Figure 40: Evolution of the different families of mobiles technologies . 51

Figure 41: GPRS/HSPA/LTE latency .. 51

Figure 42: TMN's LTE service in Portugal 53

Figure 43: Evolution of TMN's LTE coverage . 54

Figure 44: NTT's LTE-Advanced experiments in Japan . 55

Figure 45: Future of mobile vs. Fixed technologies 56

Figure 46: Total Capex breakdown for NBN project (35.9 bn. AUD) 58

Figure 47: Map of NBN project rollouts .. 58

Figure 48: African countries with the most broadband subscribers, end-2011 62

Figure 49: Fixed broadband access penetration in Africa, end-2011 .. 62

Figure 50: Mobile penetration in Africa, end-2011 63

Figure 51: Top 10 African countries with the highest mobile teledensity, end-2011 63

Figure 52: Mobile broadband versus fixed broadband access penetration in Africa 64

Figure 53: Status of 3G rollouts, end-2011 .. 64

Figure 54: Evolution of mobile ARPUs for a selection of African countries, end-2011 65

Figure 55: LTE should also be deployed in Africa soon . 65

Figure 56: Map of underwater cables in Africa by 2013 . 66

Figure 57: Forecast investment for underwater cable deployment, 2012-2013 . 67

Figure 58: Seacom's sales pitch 68

Figure 59: PC penetration in Europe, in 2010 . 70

Figure 60: Per capita GDP in Europe, in 2011 70

Figure 61: Population density in Europe, in 2011 .. 71

Figure 62: Total coverage by DSL networks in Europe, end-2010 72

Figure 63: Urban and peri-urban coverage by DSL networks in Europe, end-2010 . 73

Figure 64: Evolution of urban and peri-urban coverage in Europe, 2008-2010 .. 74

Figure 65: Rural coverage by DSL networks in Europe, end-2010 .. 75

Figure 66: Evolution of rural coverage by DSL networks in Europe, 2008-2010 76

Figure 67: Evolution of FTTH/B subscribers in Europe, December 2007-December 2011 .. 77

Figure 68: FTTx network coverage in Europe, end-2011 .. 78

Figure 69: Evolution of 3G+ network coverage in rural areas in Europe, 2008-2010 .. 79

Figure 70: Total 3G+ network coverage in Europe, end-2010 80

Figure 71: Rural coverage by 3G+ networks in Europe, end-2010 .. 81

Figure 72: Evolution of Europe's broadband market 81

Figure 73: Broadband access penetration, end-2011 . 82Satellite Ultra-Broadband

Figure 74: DSL subscriber speeds in Europe, end-2010 .. 83

Figure 75: Average price of a broadband solution (DSL & cable) in 2011 – 15 Mbps downlink . 84

Figure 76: Average price of a broadband solution (DSL & cable) in 2011 – 30 Mbps downlink . 84

Figure 77: Average monthly prices for access faster than 45 Mbps, end-2010 . 85

Figure 78: Literacy rate in Africa .. . 88

Figure 79: PC penetration in Africa in 2010 . 89

Figure 80: Per capita GDP in Africa, in 2010 .. 89

Figure 81: Rural population density in Africa .. 90

Figure 82: Internet access penetration based on literacy rates and per capita GDP in several

African countries . 92

Figure 83: Price of broadband subscriptions based on per capita GDP in Africa .. 93

Figure 84: Forecast of residential subscriptions to a two-way, satellite ultra-broadband solution,

2012-2016 .. 96

To order this report:

Broadband Industry: Satellite Ultra-Broadband in Europe & Africa

Contact Nicolas: [email protected]
US: (805)-652-2626
Intl: +1 805-652-2626

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